Blackburn explained that reduced insulin release and production accounted for the observed protein sparing effect. Carbohydrates, especially glucose, stimulate the release and production of insulin thereby promoting protein catabolism and fat deposition, the precise opposites of dieters’ desired outcomes. The infusion of proteins, however, stimulates the production and release of insulin much less, so infusion of proteins spares lean body mass and burns fat, accounting for the observed production of ketone bodies and triglycerides. Through KEN™, obese patients rapidly lose body fat while sparing muscle and vital organs. Too, the ketone bodies from KEN™ reduce or even eliminate hunger.