Obesity is associated with various diseases, particularly heart diseases, diabetes mellitus type 2, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. As a result, obesity has been found to reduce life and is often associated with premature death.
There are various risks associated with obesity which are as follows:
1. Coronary Heart Disease
Obesity is often associated with various heart diseases and carries adverse cardiovascular risk profile. The common consequences of coronary heart diseases are morbidity and mortality.
2. Bone and Cartilage degeneration
The most common problem with bone and cartilage with obesity is “Osteoarthritis”, mainly near knee joints. It has nine times more risk in case of a women having knee joint osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis risk is further linked to obesity for other joints. The effects of obesity joints are often facilitated due to metabolic and mechanical factor.
3. Gallbladder disease
Gallstones are often associated with having overweight body. Liver overproduces cholesterol which is then delivered into bile causing it to become supersaturated. There are various studies suggesting that saturated fats and refined sugars are the main culprit in these cases.
4. Respiratory Problems
It is difficult for a person having extra fat as the lungs are decreased in size. Due to extra fat, chest wall becomes very heavy to lift thus making difficult to breath.
5. High Blood Pressure
There are various reasons by which obesity causes hypertension. Excess fat tissue secrets substances that are acted on by the kidney which causes hypertension. Also due to obesity, high amount of insulin is produced which elevates blood pressure.
Various studies revels that cancer is also associated with obesity. Body weight is directly associated with risk of cancer for several organ like colon, breast, endometrium, oesophagus, and kidney. Avoidance of weight gain thus seems to be an important factor for cancer prevention.
7. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder whose occurrence is linked to an epidemic of obesity. Also, weight reduction is directly associated with the reduction in the severity of sleep apnea. Women aged 35 to 54 with obesity are more likely to be associated with the strokes.
8. Type 2 Diabetes
Being overweight places extra stress on your body in a variety of ways, including your body’s ability to maintain proper blood glucose levels. In fact, being overweight can cause your body to become resistant to insulin. Type 2 diabetes can be partially controlled through diet and exercise.
Besides, when you’re obese, your overall quality of life may be lower, too. You may not be able to do things you would normally enjoy as easily as you like. You may have trouble participating in family activities. You may avoid public places. You may even encounter discrimination.